Leonbergers from all member
nations of the Internationale Union für Leonberger Hunde are judged
on the basis of the FCI Standard for Leonbergers dated April 1,
Leonberger Standard: English
FCI-Standard N°145 / 20. 09. 2002 / GB
: Mrs. C.
Seidler, revised by Mrs E.Peper
PUBLICATION OF THE ORIGINAL VALID STANDARD
: Watch, Companion and Family Dog.
CLASSIFICATION F.C.I. : Group 2 Pinscher and Schnauzer, Molossoid breeds, Swiss Mountain and Cattle Dogs and other breeds,
Without working trial.
BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY : At the end of the thirties, beginning of the forties of the 19th century, Heinrich Essig, town Councillor in Leonberg near Stuttgart, crossed a black and white Newfoundland bitch with a so-called “Barry” male from the monastery hospice Grand St.Bernhard. Later a Pyrenean Mountain Dog was added. This resulted in very large dogs with predominantly long, white coats. Essig’s aim was for a lion-like dog. The lion is the heraldic animal of the city of Leonberg.
The first dogs
really called “Leonbergers” were born in 1846. They combined the
excellent qualities of the breeds from which they stemmed.
Only a short time
later, many of these dogs were sold as status symbols from Leonberg
all over the world. At the end of the 19th century, the
Leonberger was kept in Baden-Württemberg as the preferred farm dog.
His watch and draft abilities were much praised.
In both World Wars
and the needy post war times, the numbers of breeding stock reduced
dramatically. Today the Leonberger is an excellent family dog which
fulfills all the demands of modern life.
According to his original purpose, the Leonberger is a large,
strong, muscular yet elegant dog. He is distinguished by his
balanced build and confident calmness, yet with quite lively
temperament. Males, in particular, are powerful and strong.
: Height at the withers to length of body : 9 to 10. The depth of
chest is nearly 50% of the height at withers.
: As a family dog, the Leonberger is an agreeable partner for
present day dwelling and living conditions, who can be taken
anywhere without difficulty and is distinguished by his marked
friendliness towards children. He is neither shy nor aggressive.
As a companion, he is agreeable, obedient and fearless in all
situations of life.
The following are particular requirements of steady temperament :
: On the whole deeper than broad and elongated rather than stocky.
Proportion of length of muzzle to length of skull: about 1 to 1.
Skin close fitting all over, no wrinkles.
: Running in a slight curve without break to the withers. Somewhat
long rather than stocky, without throatiness or dewlap.
: Very well furnished; while standing, it hangs down straight; also
in movement it is only slightly curved and if at all possible should
not be carried above the prolongation of the topline.
: Very strong, specially in males.
: Ground covering even
movement in all gaits. Extending well in front with good drive from
the hindquarters. Seen from front and behind the limbs move in a
straight line when walking or trotting.
: Any departure
from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the
seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in
exact proportion to its degree.
DISQUALIFYING FAULTS :
: Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully
descended into the scrotum.